HVAC systems are also known as climate control systems since they control our environment. They are mainly used to control heating and cooling operations in our homes and offices. These systems use air from outside to bring fresh air to indoor spaces. The term HVAC stands for heating, ventilation and air conditioning. Through the ventilation process, HVAC systems remove air contaminants such as dust, smoke, carbon dioxide, odors, and airborne bacteria. These systems also regulate temperatures, control humidity and replenish oxygen supply.

The HVAC system has three core processes of heating, ventilation, and air conditioning. Each process has a distinct unit performing the function, and they are all controlled by a common electronic control system.

1. Heating

To maintain comfortable temperatures in an enclosed space, the HVAC system uses the heating unit to raise the temperatures. The unit is made up of heaters and heat exchangers. The size of the heating unit is proportionate to the size of space that requires heat. For large spaces, you can use boilers, furnaces, steam generators or heat pumps as the heating unit. For small spaces, the heating unit can be a high resistance carbon ribbon. The heat generated by the heating unit is transferred through the normal processes of convection, radiation or conduction and is transferred to the air through heat exchangers.

2. Air Conditioning

The role of the air conditioning unit is to cool the temperatures and maintaining humidity in enclosed spaces. This unit applies the refrigeration process where refrigerants absorb the heat from the surroundings. Refrigerants can be air, water, or other substances. An air conditioning unit comprises of a compressor, condensation coil, expansion valve, and evaporator.

3. Ventilation

The ventilation process works on the principle that air naturally moves from hot areas to cold areas and vice versa. This system is mainly effective in spaces that lack an opening that would facilitate natural ventilation.

Now that you understand what an HVAC system is, and how it works, you need to know how you can access expert services for installation, maintenance, replacement and repairs in Denver, CO. At Summit Heating & Air Conditioning, we have a committed team of HVAC system experts. Give us a call today and get quick assistance.